Part 2- Denim, Research


My initial thought of denim was workwear. I started by reading The Golden Thread: How Fabric Changed History which describes the traditional Levi blue jean workers. I looked at worn textures to show their used, worn out textures of a working environment. 


Marilyn Monroe wearing denim


Exploring everyday worn textures around me

I then thought to myself, as I sat in my classroom and looked around, how so many people here in this room are wearing denim. I was interested how even right infront of me there were so many worn items. I then decided to look at the immediate worn textures in that room so show how nearly everything gets worn, used. I wanted to explore my everyday environment in the theme that denim is everywhere and for everyday use. In my classroom I found an endless amount of used worn textures and really enjoyed finding small areas of maybe a scratched table, a stain on the floor, a bit of tape stuck to a chair leg, bit  of dust in the corner.

Worn textures from my classroom


Anni Albers, 'Development in Rose I', 1952


At the Moderna Museet, Stockholm

I looked at artist:


  • I looked at how Sturtevant scrunched fabric into ball shapes so create an uneven texture.
  • linked to the rough scrunched textures of WORN textures within my project.
  • introduce garment wearing worn textures
  • within natural palette of worn textures within classroom and raw materials


Siri Derkert

Title saunas, 1962, achieves layering through collage. it uses indelicate, scrap like materials within a natural palette to do so linking to my project so layering scrap materials.


Sturtevant, 'Raysee Peinture a haute Tension', 1969


Everyone wears denim

I then was just mindlessly  scrolling on my instagram feed and saw Kylie Jenners new line from Kendall and Kylie fashion brand. The clothes they were advertising were denim. I thought about how Kylie is only just 21 and a billionaire and how she's never worked a day of hard manual labour. I thought about how ever wealthy you are, everybody wears denim. I looked at old Levi advertisements for women which were controversial in the 50s as they were seen as classic men wear; derived from the traditional labouring men. The advertisement struck as interesting as it was a masculine looking woman with a shirt and jeans at the barbecue; all stereo male features. The fact that she was wearing jeans meant not that everybody could wear jeans... but everyone could be manly and wear jeans. But never the less, its a progression of everyone can wear jeans- even women in the 50s. I then researched more about the history of denim and found images of Marylyn Monroe wearing jeans so denim is now introduced into celebrity culture; Bringing me back to the point that everybody wears denim. I looked at how the textures in the images were still worn and creased and had marks of wear they had moved proving everybody really does and can get wear out of denim.

Kylie Jenners instragram


Levi advert for women to wear denim


Exploring within process

I then started to look at the process of when I was manipulating fabrics and used the scraps of that such as the tissue used to clean up the excess dye. I was interested in even my process of working, I was creating scraps and worn textures.

Looking at used textures within process


The Anni Albers exhibition at the Tate

I went to the exhibition and was interested in house she focused on such neat, consistent patterns within her weave. I was, however, most interested when she would change the pattern almost to make a tarn look frayed, lose. I loved how this neatly layered piece also had an element of worn, balanced with precision.

Annie Albers, Untitled, 1950


Also at the Moderna Museet

Sabre Murakami

I liked his piece, Mutts no ana, as it was based on 6 pieces of torn paper coming together again. this focus' on reclaiming worn, used textures that have been changed over time through usage



Nigel calloon

Collect old workwear and translate to new